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A few useful Tips re Growing Roses from Alan & Josie

BUYING: Whether bare root (Oct. to Mar.) or Container grown (all year round) select healthy stock, fresh green growth, new branches, 3 or more stems of pencil thickness or stronger, without spindly or dead brittle growth.

PLANTING POSITION: Choose a sunny position, preferably with some afternoon/evening shading, free from cold winds but with good air circulation. Avoid low, wet and cold positions and never plant under trees.

Ensure soil is deeply dug over when preparing new bed(s). Use deep trenching method and dig in peat based compost and rotted (horse) manure. Roses seem to thrive with use of rotted horse manure. Advance soil preparation is most beneficial (Autumn digging re Spring planting). Horticultural grit is a useful addition to help drainage (heavy soils).

Dig each hole 11/2 depth and 11/2 width of container and using a suitable planting compost and rose food / horse, chicken or seaweed fertiliser backfill and tread in firmly ensuring no rocking or looseness. Ensure the crown of rose (the swelling at the top of the root and the base of the stems) is at ground surface level. Water in well using about 4 - 5 litres per rose. Climbing roses will require 10 -12 litres per rose.

Roses are hungry plants. They are prolific flowering plants and use up a lot of
energy to maintain flowering. The energy expenditure needs to be replenished with suitable feeding. A FEED either granular or liquid should be high in nitrogen, phosphates and potash. Granular feeds can be applied in Springtime and repeated in May and June. Liquid feed can be applied following the Springtime granular feed, but at more frequent intervals (say twice monthly). DO NOT FEED AFTER JULY.

To prevent Foliar diseases such as Black Spot and Mildew spraying is essential no more so than in our damp climate. We recommend the regular use of Dithane 945 to control Black Spot and to a lesser degree Mildew and Rust control. Black Spot is an unsightly disease staining leaves and weakening the plant resulting in leaf drop. Spraying every two weeks is our recommendation commencing early in March through to September/ October, ensuring a complete and thorough drench. We use this opportunity to include a liquid seaweed based Foliar feed to enhance healthy leaf appearance and flowering stimulus. GREENFLY and APHID control can be controlled with the use of insecticide spray. A home-made garlic based recipe is "green" and most beneficial CALL US FOR DETAILS.

Remove dead rose heads regularly cutting stem above 2nd. or 3rd. leaf axel. This enables further flower development.
PRUNING: One of the "turn offs" of rose growing! Recent "Easy Care" pruning has been developed successfully. Pruning in February is our recommendation. Reduce the rose bush by half using secateurs or shears - CALL US FOR MORE INFORMATION.

ROSE SOIL SICKNESS: A mysterious disease that affects established Rose beds which up to now has made Rose replacement quite risky. Horticultural research has resulted in a product now available which aids the replacement Rose to overcome the effects of Rose Sickness more successfully, rapidly improves root development, better plant establishment and vigor, resulting in improved flowering. This product "ROOTGROW" is a mycorrhizal fungi in granular form, and now available at JUST ROSES.

There are many more tips we would like to share with you -
call to as, we would like to help and advice.

JUST ROSES, Specialist Rose Centre, Kilfinane, Co. Limerick.

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